Office Of Emergency Preparedness
What To Do: Extreme Heat
Doing too much on a hot day, spending too much time in the sun or staying too long in an overheated place can cause heat-related illnesses. Know the symptoms of heat disorders and overexposure to the sun, and be ready to give first aid treatment.
BEFORE Contact your local emergency management office or American Red Cross chapter for information on extreme heat.
Install window air conditioners snugly.
Keep heat outside and cool air inside.
Install temporary reflectors, such as aluminum foil covered cardboard, to reflect any heat back outside. Keep the cool air inside by weather-stripping doors and windowsills.
Consider keeping storm windows up all year.
Storm windows can keep the heat of a house in the summer the same way they keep the cold out in the winter. Check air-conditioning ducts for proper insulation.
DURING Protect windows.
Eat well-balanced, light meals.
Drink plenty of water regularly.
Limit intake of alcoholic beverages.
Dress in loose-fitting clothes that cover as much skin as
Protect face and head by wearing a wide-brimmed hat.
Allow your body to get acclimated to hot temperatures for the first 2 or 3 days of a heat wave.
Avoid too much sunshine.
DURING Avoid extreme temperature changes.
DURING A DROUGHT Lower water use. Watering the lawn and washing the car waste water. Whenever possible, re-use water. Place a brick or other large, solid object in the flush tank of the toilet to reduce the water used to flush. Farmers should contact the county Farm Service Agency for disaster assistance information.
HEAT DISORDERS Sunburn
First Aid: Take a shower, using soap, to remove oils that may block pores preventing the body from cooling naturally.
If blisters occur, apply dry, sterile dressings and get medical attention.
First Aid: Firm pressure on cramping muscles or gentle massage to relieve spasm. Give sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue.
First Aid: Get victim to lie down in a cool place. Loosen clothing. Apply cool, wet cloths. Fan or move victim to air-conditioned place. Give sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue. If vomiting occurs, seek immediate medical attention.
Heat Stroke (Sun Stroke)
First Aid: Heat stroke is a severe medical emergency. Call 9-1-1 or emergency medical services or get the victim to a hospital immediately. Delay can be fatal. Move victim to a cooler environment. Try a cool bath or sponging to reduce body temperature. Use extreme caution. Remove clothing. Use fans and/or air conditioners. DO NOT GIVE FLUIDS.
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