There is no safe haven from acts of terrorism. Americans are no longer shielded from horrific events by two great oceans. Terrorist groups have the resources and commitment to operate with deadly accuracy within our borders. A terrorist committed to a cause, whether acting alone or in concert with an international terrorist organization, can cause mass casualties, long-term contamination and can wreak havoc to both local and State critical infrastructure.
Guided by the National Preparedness System
and enabled by the Louisiana Homeland Security an Emergency Assistance and Disaster Act
(Louisiana Disaster Act), Louisiana has joined with our fellow States and Territories in what is now a national and international struggle. Together our efforts at home to effectively
employ available resources further
enable the United States
, as a Nation, to commit needed national security resources both at home and abroad
GOHSEP is the State’s homeland security and emergency preparedness agency.
GOHSEP plays an important role in efforts that keep the homeland secure and prevent and reduce vulnerability to all-crimes/all-hazards events including terrorism. GOHSEP develops and implements strategies for enhancing our collective response capabilities and capacity to prevent and reduce vulnerability within local and Tribal communities, State and Nation.
However preventing terrorism cannot be done by law enforcement (LE) and intelligence officers alone. Individual citizens and businesses, for example, play a significant part in information sharing and other actions needed to prevent imminent terrorist attacks.
State Homeland Security Strategy (SHSS)
Using a whole community approach, GOHSEP has identified a strategic direction – State Homeland Security Strategy (SHSS) – for enhancing capabilities and capacity needed to keep us safe. Our strategy combines partnerships, plans and tactics. Through collaboration and supporting local, State, Federal and private sectors in an all-hazards environment, GOHSEP – with its partners – provides timely information for use in promoting public safety and national security against terrorism and other threats.
Government has no higher purpose than to ensure the security of our people and preserve our democratic way of life.
- Louisiana Homeland Security Strategy
The SHSS identifies the State’s threats and vulnerabilities, defines critical mission areas, articulates the role of science and technology and sets priorities for the future.
- Intelligence and Warning
- Border and Transportation Security
- Domestic Counter-Terrorism
- Protecting Critical Infrastructure and Key Assets
- Defending Against Catastrophic
- Emergency Preparedness and Response
The SHSS also identifies protection measures by level of threat.
Today’s threats are simple and complex. From “lone wolf” terrorist attacks to active-shooter events and hostile acts by organized international players, our communities must be knowledgeable and prepared. Weapons might be firearms, edged blades, OR chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear or explosive (CBRNE) in nature OR cyber intrusion. Tactics are ever changing.
National Prevention Framework
The National Prevention Framework (Framework) – one of five (5) national frameworks that address emergency and disaster preparedness, prevention, response, recovery and mitigation – describes what the whole community — from individual community members to senior leaders in government — should do upon the discovery of intelligence or information regarding an imminent threat to the homeland in order to thwart an initial or follow-on terrorist attack. The Framework applies only to those capabilities, plans and operations necessary to ensure the Nation is prepared to prevent an imminent act of terrorism against the U.S., and does not capture the full spectrum of the Nation’s efforts to counter terrorism. The seven (7) prevention core capabilities are:
- Public information and warning
- Operational Coordination
- Forensics and attribution
- Intelligence and information sharing
- Interdiction and disruption
- Screening, search and detection
From State and Federal readiness to a State response to ensuring the safety of critical infrastructure to protecting public health to citizen participation – to successfully thwart terrorism attacks takes participation by a broad range of disciplines as well as participation by a vigilant public. Law enforcement (LE), intelligence, homeland security professionals and other members of the community must form engaged partnerships.
Partnerships allow for the seamless acquisition and sharing of information. In addition to Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Joint Terrorism Task Forces (JTTFs) and Field Intelligence Groups (FIGs), as well as State and major urban area Fusion Centers, a variety of analytical and investigative efforts support the ability to identify and counter terrorist threats.
These efforts include other local, State, Tribal, Territorial and Federal law enforcement agencies and various intelligence centers and related efforts such as High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas, Regional Information Sharing Systems Centers, criminal intelligence units, real-time crime analysis centers and others.
However, the responsibility for prevention builds from the individual and the community to local jurisdictions; State, Tribal, Territorial and insular area governments; and the Federal Government.
A collaborative approach helps ensure individuals, communities, governmental, private sector and nongovernmental (NGO) decision makers have an understanding of the full spectrum of prevention activities and what each can do to ensure the Nation is prepared to prevent imminent acts of terrorism. To be successful, the whole community must engage in examining and implementing those actions and activities.
Whole Community Approach
Like preparedness, prevention of terrorist attacks is a shared responsibility. It calls for the involvement and vigilance of everyone – not just the government. By working together, everyone helps keep our families, neighbors, communities, State and Nation safe from harm. The whole community approach to prevention includes the participation of:
- Individuals and families, including those with access and functional needs
- Faith-based and community organizations
- Nonprofit groups
- Schools and academia
- Media outlets
- All levels of government and stakeholders, including State, local, Tribal, Territorial and Federal partners